Please give me the answer to the A-level Biology Question How can additional molecules or ions increase the activity of an enzyme?
A-level Biology Help >>>>> How can the addition of additional molecules or ions improve the enzyme's activity? Molecules or ions that increase the performance of an enzyme can be classified into cofactors, coenzymes, as well as prosthetic groups. Cofactors are typically ions while prosthetic and coenzymes are bigger molecules. Cofactors and coenzymes can bind briefly to initiate a reaction however, prosthetic groups possess the same kind of interaction that they are thought of as a an integral part in the process of enzyme. They could connect with the enzyme via binding to the active site, or at an allosteric location (a distinct area) in which case this binding will alter the shape and activity of the enzyme's active sites to ensure that it can be more compatible to (or bonds more strongly) towards its substrate. In the end, it's much easier to construct an enzyme-substrate-complex, and more reactions can be activated.
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